FROM AWARD-WINNING AUTHOR DR GOVIND SHUKLA, NUTRITION EXPERT
Govind Shukla, Specializes in Pharmacology, Toxicology, Nutraceuticals & Herbal Drugs has published More than 50 research papers in National & International Journals. He is also a reviewer of International Journal of Pharmacology & pharmacotherapeutics, Chief editor of IJPNR Journal & Freelance Medical Writer for Different publication Groups including Lambert Academic Publishing Saarbrucken, Germany.
Electrolytes deliver instant & Sustained energy & Support optimal hydration.
The term “electrolyte” is the medical word for the electrically charged minerals in the body. Electrolytes are vital to health and act as chemical messengers in the body carrying electrical impulses from the nerves to control all tissue function and movement. An imbalance of any of the electrolytes can lead to serious disruptions in physiologic function. Many bodily processes are highly dependent on electrolytes, primarily heart and nerve function, muscle coordination and control, and maintenance of the body’s fluid levels.
Electrolytes are found throughout body tissues. Blood, plasma (the acellular portion of blood) and the fluid that bathes the cells are high in sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-), the electrolytes potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), calcium (Ca+) and magnesium (Mg2+) are prevalent.
Electrolyte levels are tightly controlled by several hormones and by the kidneys, which are primarily responsible for keeping electrolytes in a constant state of balance, retaining and removing them as necessary.
An electrolyte imbalance can lead to serious health issues, including eventual death, if not corrected. The most common imbalances occur with sodium and potassium. An excessive blood level of sodium is known as hypernatremia, while an insufficient level is known as hyponatremia. Excessive blood levels of potassium are known as hyperkalemia, and insufficient levels are known as hypokalemia.